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Persepolis or Parseh (Takht-e Jamshid, Hezar Sotun, Sad Sotun or Chehel Menar) is one of the ancient cities of Iran that over the years, continuously was stately and ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire which was the Iranian king. In this ancient city, there is a palace called Persepolis which is built during the reign of Darius, Xerxes and Artaxerxes. In the year 518 BC, it was started as the new capital of the Achaemenid at Gamers. There was founded by Great Darius. Xerxes and his son ‘Artaxerxes’ by extending this complex expanded it.

Sassanid kings have left inscriptions at Persepolis on. After the advent of Islam in Iran, this place have be respected  and it called ‘Hezar Sotun’ or ‘Chehel Menar’. Also there are other inscriptions at Persepolis in Arabic and Farsi. The most recent of them is related to the Qajar era.

That’s located in the north of Marvdasht city (northeast of the Fars province) and 57 kilometers from Shiraz. 6 kilometers from Persepolis is ‘Naqsh-e Rostam’. Tombs of the Kings like Darius, Xerxes, Artaxerxes I and Darius II are located in Naghsh-e Rostam.

This place since 1979, is one of the Iran’s records on the UNESCO World Heritage.


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