Carpet Museum of Iran
Carpet-Weaving is undoubtedly one of the most distinguished manifestations of Iranian culture and art, dating back to the Bronze Age, but as the materials which used in carpets are include wool and cotton, decay into dust during the course of time, archaeologists couldn’t make any special discovery during the archaeological excavations. What have remained for us from the early ages as evidence of carpet-weaving are nothing more than a few pieces of worn-out rugs.
Such fragments do not help very much to recognizing the carpet-weaving characteristics of Pre-Seljuk period (13th and 14th centuries AD). Among the oldest discovered pieces, some are founded in Eastern Turkestan, dating back to the third to fifth centuries AD, and also some of the hand-weavings of the Seljuks of Asia Minor are on exhibit in Alaeddin Mosque in Konya and Ashrafoghlu Mosque in Beyshehir, Turkey. These pieces attract the attention of researchers earlier this century, and now they are kept in the ‘Museum of Turkish and Islamic Art’ in Istanbul and the Mevlana(Rumi) Museum in Konya.
In a unique archaeological excavation in 1949, the exceptional Pazyryk carpet was discovered among the ices of Pazyryk Valley, in Altai Mountains in Siberia. It was discovered in the grave of a Scythian Prince by a group of Russian archaeologists under the supervision of professor Rudenko. Radiocarbon testing revealed that Pazyryk carpet was woven in the 5th century BC. This carpet is 1.83×2 meters and has 36 symmetrical knots per cm2. The advanced weaving technique used in the Pazyryk carpet indicates a long history of evolution and experience of this art. Most experts believe that the Pazyryk carpet is the final achievement of at least one thousand years of experience and history. According to this theory the art of carpet-weaving in Iran is at least 3500 years old.
In 1978, the founders of the Carpet Museum of Iran established this museum with a limited number of Persian carpets and kilims, in order to revive and develop the art of carpet-weaving in the country and to provide a source to satisfy the need for research about the historical background and evolution of this art.
The Carpet Museum of Iran, with its beautiful architecture and facade resembling a carpet-weaving loom is located on the northwest of Laleh Park in Tehran. It has composed of two exhibition galleries covering an area of 3400 m2. The ground floor gallery is assigned for permanent exhibitions and the upper floor gallery is considered as the temporary exhibitions of carpets, kilims, and carpet designs.