Tehran Grand Bazaar
The Tehran Grand Bazaar is one of the oldest markets in Iran that has a lot of historical monuments in itself from different era of Iran’s history.
You can find almost anything in bazaar from shopping goods to mosques and banks and guest houses.
The Bazaar’s age goes back to Tehran before the Safavieh dynasty but the exact time is really unknown!! Some says it goes as far back as 4,000 BC but what we know for sure is that over decades the Bazaar construction got completed.
You can also find there the traditional restaurants with the great Iranian foods that you will not forget their tastes for ever.
Abyaneh village is in Natanz city functions which is located in Isfahan province. This village is located on 40 km northwest of Natanz and on the slopes of Karkas mountain and is one of the tallest residential areas in Iran. It is one of the famous villages of Iran. There is not known exactly a document to dating back this village, but that is estimated to have five hundred years of history and that’s the oldest human settlements on the fringe of Iran Desert. There are monuments which are related to the Sasanian, Seljuk, Safavid and Qajar period. Abyane houses completely built on the slopes of a steep mountain. At the first glance, it seems a multi-storey rural.
Accommodation in Abyaneh:
Abyaneh has a hotel called Hotel Abyaneh. In the lower part of the village, there is a resort called ‘Vyuna’. Also near the temple in the middle there is a traditional residence called ‘Harpak’.
Si-o-se-pol or ‘Allah-Verdi-Khan’ is a bridge with 33 spans, 295 meters long and 14 meters wide, which is made by ‘Allahverdi Khan’ on the ‘Zayandeh Roud’ river in the city of Isfahan, Simultaneous with the reign of Shah Abbas Safavi. This bridge was the venue for the ‘Ab Pashan’ celebration and also ‘Khaj Shouyan’ ceremony which are the Armenian ceremonies in the Safavid period.
Sykes, know the ‘Si-o-se pol’ one of the best bridges in the world.
Chardin, considers it an architectural masterpiece and wonderful surprise.
Dan Garcia, knows it one of the best architectures of Iran.
Lord Curzon, says: “Man to see what can be called the world’s most magnificent bridges, had to travel to Iran.”
Yazd Amir Chakhmaq complex is consist of a market, a mosque and two old cisterns, which are for the Timurid period in nineteenth century. Amir Chakhmaq Square is one of the most remarkable historical and tourism collections in the city of Yazd. Eight person of the Iran-Iraq war martyrs were buried in the field of this complex.
Mashhad is a big city in northeast of Iran and is center of the Khorasan state. It was the capital of Iran in Afsharid dynasty. Mashhad, is Iran’s second largest city after Tehran. This city because of the shrine of Imam Reza, the eighth Imam of Shia, annually receives more than 30 million pilgrims from inside and outside of the Iran. This city has an international airport, a railway station and three terminals. Mashhad economy relies on religious tourism which is focused on the shrine of Imam Reza.
Iran’s most important religious site is Imam Reza’s shrine which includes several museums are set in shrine complex. This collection in term of area is the largest mosque in the world.
About Imam Reza:
Ali Ibn Musa Al Reza, known as Reza is the eighth imam for Shia after his father Imam Musa Kazim. Ali Ibn Musa was born in Medina and died in Khorasan. Reza was living in a during that Abbasid caliphs were facing many problems including the multiple uprisings of Shias. Mamun, to overcome the riots, decided to involved Reza in the state. He realized his mistake later and to compensate for that wrong, decided to poison him and fed him from his path. Reza was buried in Khorasan. His tomb is annually visited by millions of Shia Muslims.
Some of the historical attractions of Mashhad include: 1-Nadir Shah mausoleum 2-Ferdosi’s tomb 3-Adobe dome 4-Harunyeh dome 5-Abasgholi Khan school
Takht-e Soleyman or the ‘Azargoshnasb Temple’ is the name of a major historical site near the Takab in Azerbaijan state. Takht-e Soleyman was considered the biggest educational, religious, social and place of worship in Pre-Islamic Iran.
Takht-e Soleyman is the most important tourist attraction in Takab city where has been registered in UNESCO World Heritage. Another name for this city, was Shiz.
Behistun inscription is one of the world’s largest inscriptions, the first known text of Persia and of the Achaemenid dynasty. This inscription is in Bisotun in Kermanshah Province and is located on the Bisotun hillside. Behistun is one of the world’s most famous and important historical documents. It’s one of the Iran registered on UNESCO World Heritage monuments.
1-The Goudarz inscription: G. body is a work that Goudarz of Ashkanian kings left from him on this mount.
2-Statue of Hercules: Hercules statue was built during the Seleucid era.
3-Sheikh Ali Khan Zanganeh inscription
4-Farhad Tarash: That’s belong to the Sassanid era.
There are many lakes in the world but Colored Lakes and Pink Lake in the world are very few in number. One of these colored lakes is the lake of Chabahar. This lake is one of the beautiful areas of ‘Sistan and Baluchestan‘ province that located near the Chabahar city or Chabahar port. In this beautiful lake, shrubs and bushes, created a virginal region with a special ecosystem. This is a unique wetland and one of the areas where it can be visited all year.
After about 40 to 50 kilometers from Chabahar to the Gwadar Port, Martian Mountains will appear which are known as Miniature mountains or Mars mountains. Very different views among these mountains and the other sides of the road which got there to the sea, makes it to arise one of the most beautiful natural sceneries that due to lack of visitors are less.
The Martian mountains evoke scenes from the mountains of the moon for humans and are like that a skilled painter depicted them.
Anzali Port is one of the most important tourism cities and economic centers and one of the poles of the sport in Iran. Anzali is one of the ancient cities in aging Persia and has the first and largest port on the southern coast of the Caspian Sea. Anzali name is known in most European cities.
Anzali International lagoon is among the most beautiful water sights of the region . Anzali Lagoon is the most interesting and biggest natural habitats of animals in Iran. There is beautiful islands in this Lagoon. Anzali International lagoon is open to foreign tourists, years away.
Sareyn is a small town in west of Ardebil city. This city is famous because of many hot springs and is one of the tourist areas in the Ardebil province. In this city there are about 250 hotels and hotel apartments and guest houses. Sarein has dozens of hot mineral springs that originate from Sabalan Mountain.
Some famous hot springs in Sareyn area are in below:
1-Gav-Mish-Goli 2-Sabalan Hydrotherapy Complex 3-Atrak Hydrotherapy 4-El-Suee Hydrotherapy 5-Yol-Suee Hydrotherapy 6-Darre-Suee Hydrotherapy 7-Jeneral hot spring 8-Qahve-Suee Hydrotherapy 9-Sari-Soo 10-Shafa Hydrotherapy 11-Qare-Soo 12-Dalar hot spring
Saman is one of the cities of Iran in ‘Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari‘ province. That is located in the north-eastern part of Shahr-e Kord city. This city due to being on the way of Zayanderud river, has a suitable ground to attracting tourists. Natural conditions and attractions almost are it’s mountains and it’s numerous and green hills. The people of this city are often Qashqai.
Zaman-Khan Bridge is one of the most valuable and old monuments in Saman. The bridge is over the Zayandehrud river and is built on three pillars of natural stone and it’s antiquity is related to the Safavid period. Spectacular landscape around it, has turned this area into a tourism hub.
Mount Damavand is a mountain located in northern Iran, The highest mountain of Iran and also the highest volcanic peak in Asia continent. Damavand is located in central part of the Alborz Mountains in south of the Caspian sea. In terms of country divisions, that’s located in Mazandaran province. This peak is located at 69 kilometers northeast of Tehran, 62 km West of Amol and 26 kilometers north of Damavand city. When weather is sunny and clear, it is visible from the cities of Tehran, Varamin, Qom and the Caspian Sea coasts. Damavand has learned a lot in Iranian mythology and in Persian literature is also frequently mentioned.
The relative height of Damavand is 5610 meters and it is the twelfth highest mountain in the world. Damavand is a volcanic mountain and volcanic activities of that, now is limited to sublimation of sulfur gases. The last volcanic activity of this mountain was about 38500 years ago.
The main climbing routes:
To reach the summit of Mount Damavand, there are different paths that the best knowns are listed below:
1-The North path 2-The northeast path 3-The west path 4-The south path
The easiest route is the south side and the north side is the most difficult.
Three fronts in North, South and Northeast are near the villages and all of them have shelter in the way. Many shelters have been built in Damavand climbing routes.
Qeshm Island is the biggest island in Iran and the Persian Gulf in south coast of Iran. This island is located in Hormuz bottleneck and is a part of Hormozgan province. Large islands around the Qeshm are Hengam, Hormoz and Lark and when the tide come to the beach island and separate. Virginal nature and clear beach of these islands are interesting for tourists. Hengam because of the existence of dolphin habitat, deers and crocodiles park, attracts tourists higher than the rest.
Clouds Forest of Shahroud is a part of the oldest and most beautiful Hyrcanian forests with rare species of plants and animals. The forest has an area of 35 thousand hectares. In most cases clouds have surrounded all the forest area and person can be walked among the clouds.
This forest is in the Shahrud city and is located near the Abr village and almost is on the border of Semnan and Golestan provinces.
The fauna species are include: brown bear, wolf, leopard, wild pig, jackal, fox, rabbit, goats, chamois, Snake, Quebec, forest pigeon, quail, wild eagle, vulture, hawk, dove and pheasant.
Kelardasht is an area which is located in Mazandaran province and in 48 km from Chalus city. There is plain on the mountains. There are located 45 peaks over 4,000 meters height in this area, which has created a rare example. Kelardasht is known as ‘Lost Paradise’ in Iran and each year welcomes to thousands of domestic and foreign tourists. Kelardasht almost always have foggy air.
Masuleh is an historical and tourist village in north of Iran which is green and always have good weather. There have foggy weather most of the times, cool summers and full snow winters. That is a village in the southwest of Gilan province in Fuman area. That’s a good weather village in Iran and each year tens of thousands of tourists visit there. There is known in the world, for having it’s unique architecture. Two hotels within the traditional architecture space of Masuleh and several hotels on the road, are serving Iranian and foreign tourists. Village architecture is described in this sentence: ”High building yard is down building roof”.
Tochal Complex is a sport & resort complex. That’s located 3 km from the Tajrish square in Shemiranat, Tehran region. In this complex, after crossing the asphalt road, at an altitude of 1910 meters, we reach to the first telecabin station.
The complex has three separate ski resort which are mentioned below:
1-Ski Resort seventh station (peak): Started from bottom of the peak (3850 m) – Ended in 3550 m. Has a teleh syyzh and is a teleh sky. Track length is 1200 meters.
2-Ski Resort seventh station (western range): This site is located on the western slopes of the Tochal mountain. Track length is 900 m and there is a Teleh syyzh device used in this track.
3-Ski Resort seventh to fifth station: The track is 5500 meters long and its highest point is 3,750 meters.
Katale Khor Cave is a land-water cave which is located in Zanjan province. Now this cave is divided into three parts: cultural, recreational and sporting. Sports section which is only using by cavers and climbers, is about 4 km and still the end of it have not found. The recreational part of the cave which is using for public is about 2 km straight line. Katale Khor in terms of crystals and stalactites quality, beauty and number of floors, is the first limestone cave which is known in the world. This cave is nearly as old as Alisadr cave in Hamadan but Katale Khor limestones are much higher purity than limestones in Alisadr cave, which it is a factor to be a beautiful cave. Studies shows that this cave finally will connect to the Alisadr cave in Hamedan. Another of the wonders and beauties of it, is the number of classes or floors and these caves in the world are very rare. 100 m from the beginning of the cave where the place that Neanderthals were living there. 80 human skeletons which have been found at the site confirmed that. These skeletons are still keeping at this location.
Alamut Castle is one of the unique historical castles in Iran and in north of Qazvin. Alamut fortress is located on top of a cliff with a height of 2163 meters above sea level. Around the castle from all four sides, there is promontory and the only entrance to the castle is at the northeastern end of it.
Hassan Sabbah occupied this castle in the year 486 AH. This castle is known for the military and security operations, which have down there by Hassan Sabbah. Hassan Sabbah was one of the Iranians who was resurrected in the Seljuk period. His religion and his followers were ‘Shia Ismaili’, a branch of Shia that believes to seven Imam. The center of their power was in Egypt and Fatimid caliphs in Egypt had announced that as the official religion of this country. Hassan Sabbah, is the founder of the Isma’ilism in Iran.
Qajar Bath is one of the oldest and largest bathhouses of Iran which is located in Qazvin. It has built by one of the Safavieh captains and by the order of ‘Shah Abbas’ king. It’s area is about 1045 square meters. Qazvin is one of the major and historical cities of Iran. Qazvin was Iran’s capital during the reign of Safavieh and that’s why that it has many historical sites and museums in itself. Qazvin has the first rank in term of number of historical monuments in Iran.
Kish is an island located in the Persian Gulf and is one of the tourist attractions in south of Iran. Since the Achaemenid and Parthian and Sassanian, Kish island was dominated by Iran. This Island due to it’s tourism nature, has been considered in recent years. In addition to the historical sites that are interested for tourists, Coastal parks and amusement parks such as Honar park, coral coast, sandy-coral beaches, zoo, aquarium, birds garden, dolphin park, Hur cottages, recreational vessels and also Greek ship are the other attractions of this island. Diving, jet skiing, fly-board, paracel and water skiing are the other tourist facilities in Kish.
Kish Island has more than 8,200 residential beds and it has on of the greatest concentration of accommodation in Iran which annually receives a large number of domestic and foreign tourists.
Chogha Zanbil is an ancient temple which has built during the Ilamian era in 1250 BC. That’s located near the ancient city of Susa(Shush) in Khuzestan province in southwest of Iran. This construction was the first monument of Iran which was placed on the UNESCO World Heritage List and the international community attaches to it’s exceptional value and universal.
Susa or Shush is a city in the northwest of Ahvaz. The ancient city of Shush is one of the ancient civilization centers, one of the most famous cities in the world, capital of the Ilam country with thousands of years old and the capital of the Achaemenid Empire. Shush was a flourishing city in the Middle Ages and a major center in Khuzestan area. In lower classes of this city archaeologists find the works which consider them to eight thousand years ago. The tomb of Daniel is located in Shush. In Abrahamic religions belief Daniel is one of the prophets of Israel in the seventh century BC.
Susa was the capital from 2700 BC and the capital continues until the end of the Achaemenid Empire. Shush is one of the oldest cities in the world. Archaeological excavations indicate that this area was a farming place in 9000 BC location.
Historical site of Susa was registered in the World Heritage List as seventeenth effect of Islamic Republic of Iran.
Constitutional house, is one of the historic homes in Tabriz which is located in west of Tabriz Bazaar. This building has built in the architectural style of the Qajar era. Grand Turks after ball closing of the National Assembly by Mohammad Ali Shah, gathered in this house and paid consultation. In this place has been formed Tabriz association meetings and there was headquarters of residents. Important people who have been looked at this place and consultation activities were ‘Sattar Khan’ and ‘Baqir Khan’. The most important monuments in this Museum are Sattar khan pistol, constitutional carpet and other relevant documents with the Constitutional Revolution.
El-Golu or Shah-Goli is one of the main promenades in Tabriz. That is located In the South East of Tabriz city and 7 km from the city centre. With the construction of ‘Pars Hotel Elgoli’, this resort has achived to the global aspect.
In the center of the Shah-Goli pool, there is an octagonal pavilion which is famous to ‘Shah-Goli’ palace. A tall hill is located in the southern part of the lake whit the plantation and several artificial waterfalls flows from the hill towards the lake.
Golestan National Park is a protected area located in east of Golestan Province and Northwest of Khorasan province. This region is the oldest registered national park in Iran and is a rare haven for wildlife so that have 1350 plant species and 302 animal species and half the species of Iranian mammals in it’s 900 square kilometers place. For this reason, there has been registered as biosphere on UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Golestan Park’s biodiversity is higher than some European countries. Golestan Park is one of the best habitats for large mammals such as leopards, brown bears, wolves, lynx, red deer, roe deer, wild sheep and wild goats, Iranian deer and boar.
Nahar Khoran is a village near the city of Gorgan in Golestan province. As a forest park in the south of Gorgan and 8 km from the city center. Nahar Khoran road from the south, reaches to the ‘Ziarat’ beautiful village, after 7 km. It has two long and spectacular waterfalls and hot springs. The soaring trees of this ancient forest created a beautiful resort whit a dramatic landscape in Gorgan.
Javaher Deh is a village in the city of Ramsar in Mazandaran province. This village is 27 kilometers from Ramsar and at an altitude of 2000 meters in the Alborz mountains. Streams above the village with beautiful waterfalls and a vast forest park in the valley next to a river with sparkling water are tourist attraction places of this area. Monuments such as the Adineh Mosque which in the past was a Zoroastrian fire temple and also Gabri graves which are sporadic in the area are considered as it’s historical monuments.
Avicenna Museum opend in the tomb of Bu-Ali Sina, in Hamadan. This museum introduces the character of Avicenna and traditional medicine. Tomb of ‘Sheikh Al-Raees Bu-Ali Sina’ or Avicenna tomb is the memorial monument of Sheikh Al-Raees Ibn Sina who is the famous Iranian philosopher, scientist and physician. Avicenna tomb was built during the Qajar. The grandson of Fath-Ali Shah ordered to built this mausoleum. the building of the tomb has a fusion of two architectural style: ‘ancient Iran’ and ‘Islamic Iran’.
Ali-Sadr Cave is one of the cave wetlands in Iran and is one of the few blue caves of word. That is also the world’s largest water cave. This cave is located near the Kabudarahang city in the Hamedan province. The cave area has numerous corridors. Inside the cave there is a large lake and for this reason, penetrate deep into the cave is possible only by boat. It is one of the best tourism attractions in Hamedan province.
Geologists attributes the old stones of this cave to the Jurassic period (190-136 million years ago).
Moayyedi Icehouse is the largest adobe Freezer in Iran and also in the word.
Kerman is one of the oldest communities in Iran’s central desert. The people of this county have converted this city into one of the most innovative cities in Iran, over the years.
Moayyedi Freezer is one of the historical monuments of the Kerman city. It’s building is consist of cisterns, pools, saunas, ice hole and dome.
Ganjali Khan Complex is located in Kerman city centre and beside the Grand Bazaar of Kerman. Ganjali khan was a famous ruler from Shah Abbas era who has built many buildings and worked hard to frequented this area. Ganjali Khan complex area has 11,000 square meters. The complex buildings is consists of Square, Bazaar, Mosque, Bathhouse, School, Mint and Cistern.
Current use of buildings:
Mint: Coin Museum
Bathhouse: Anthropology Museum
This famous tree ‘Sarv-e Abarkuh’ which is located in Abarkuh (Abarghou) city is one of the oldest alive creatures of the word. In ancient Iran, planting a tree had very high importance. So that, in the monuments such as, carvings of Achaemenid era in Persepolis, there are many symbols of tree.
The tree’s trunk circumference is 11.5 meters and the height of it is 28 meters. Russian scientist ‘Alexandrov’, knows the age of that, more than 4, 000 years old. Some legends, attributes the planting of this to the Zoroaster.
This Zoroastrian Fire Temple is the shrine of Zoroastrians who live in Yazd. The entrance of this Temple always had been associated with the customs. Including Cleaning of women and men. The sacred fire is inside a large firebox which is made of bronze and Someone called “Hirbod” is responsible for keeping it. Visitors of this fire temple always can see that from behind a glass wall. The fire which burns within this fire temple is more than 1,500 years that remains clear.
Borujerdis House is one of the historic monuments of Kashan. This building is built in 13th century, during the Qajar era. This house is exhibiting one of the most beautiful resplendency of Persian architecture. It is important in terms of architectural elements and interior decorating. Boroujerdis house is built in a land with 10700 square meters area and the building area is about 3,000 square meters.
Fin Garden is an Iranian garden in Kashan and Fin Bath also is located there and here is where that ‘Naser al-Din Shah Qajar’, killed his chancellor ‘Amir Kabir‘ in it. Fin and it’s monuments dating goes back to the Safavid period and the construction of this garden is attributed to ‘Shah Abbas 1(Abbas I of Persia)’. Developments of the garden continued during the ‘Shah Safi’ and ‘Shah Abbas II’ and reached to a peak. During the reign of ‘Fath-Ali Shah’, many parts were added to this garden. Garden area has 23 thousand square meters and includes a central courtyard. Fin and it’s set of buildings in Kashan, also reached to the UNESCO World record, a few years ago. This complex, along with the Naqsh-e Jahan Square and Chehel Sotoun palace in Isfahan city , will attract the most tourists of the Isfahan province.
Maranjab Desert is in the north of ‘Aran Bidgol‘ city which is located in Isfahan province. This desert is limited to the ‘Salt Lake of Qom’ from north, ‘Masileh desert’ and salt lakes named ‘Hoz e Soltan and Hoz e Moreh from west, ‘Band e Rig’ and ‘Kavir national park’ from east and to the ‘Aran Bidgol’ city from south. The relative moderation, variety of tourism attractions, diversity of animal species and vegetation has provided the right atmosphere for tourism in the region and attracts many tourists to this area. Vegetation of plants in this region is consist of tamarisk trees and the animals in this area include the wolf, jackal, hyena, sandy fox, sandy cat, lizard, chameleon, varieties of lizards, snakes, scorpions, eagles and falcons.
Deep water wells, tamarisk trees, old houses which are renovated for tourist accommodation, motorcycle riding, camel in desert and above all, green reeds and sand dunes are the factors that has been attracted tourists to this desert and cause the presence of foreign tourists to see the wonders of the central desert of Iran obviously.
Many Iranian and foreign astronomers chose the dark and clear sky of this location for setting up their observational workshops.
Chehel Sotoun palace is one of the Isfahan’s monuments. The garden has an area of 67,000 square meters and It’s construction began in the reign of Shah Abbas I. Shah Abbas, founded a palace in the center of garden which was for forming the core of palace. Chehel Sotoun is one of the first structures which there have been used large decoration, mirror work, great wall paintings and wooden columns.
Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque is one of the famous and historical Isfahan mosques which built in the Safavid era. This mosque is a masterpiece of architecture and tiling in eleventh century in Iran. Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque built by Shah Abbas order. Construction of this mosque was after eighteen years. The mosque is named to one of the great scholars of the Safavid era, ‘Sheikh Lotfollah Jabal Amely’. Sheikh Lotfollah was one of the great scholars of the Safavid period. Sheikh Lotfollah is one of the most beautiful monuments of Isfahan city and one of the unique architectural masterpieces which can be seen in the sanctuary of this mosque.
Vank Cathedral means (Church of the Holy Savior) is a church in Jolfa district of Isfahan. This is one of the historical churches of the Armenians in Isfahan and was built in the time of Shah Abbas II. Vank means Monastery in the Armenian language. The Church area is 8731 square meters. At the top of the entrance door, the bell tower is built in three floors and on the second floor there is a large clock with weight of three kilograms. At the right of the entrance there is installed an inscription of marble. Vank Cathedral was built with adobe. Outside wall of the church is covered with brick and inside wall is covered with plaster. The church has two domes. Armenian churches domes are cone-shaped, but Vank Cathedral dome is built like the Safavid Iranian mosques domes. More paintings on the walls of the church has the Holy Bible themes and there are drawn images from birth to ascension of Jesus in them. This church is unique among Armenian churches in terms of gilding.
Menar Jonban is one of the historical monuments of Isfahan. The remarkable thing about this monument is that by moving a minaret, the other minaret moves. In Iran, some minarets are capable of shaking and say them so-called Monarjonban. One of the most famous Monarjonbans in Iran is located in Isfahan and another one is in the city of Ardakan in Yazd province. One of the wonders of this monument is the time of the construction of that, which dates back about 800 years ago and to the Ilkhani era.
Naghsh-e Jahan, is the central square of Isfahan and is located in heart of a historical collection named Naghsh-e Jahan. Monuments on the four sides of this square, including Ali Qapu, Shah Mosque, Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque and the Entrance of Qeysarie. In addition to these buildings, two hundred rooms with two floors are located there for supply the Isfahan’s handicrafts. Chambers around the square have long ago to sell handicrafts. Naghsh-e Jahan Square was one of the first Iranian signs that was registered as a UNESCO World Heritage.
Before that the Isfahan city to be chosen as the capital of Safavid, a large garden called “Naghsh e Jahan” was in the place of this square.
Sepidan county is a city in Fars province of Iran. This region’s cool climate in summer and snow-capped mountains in winter, tourist attractions of this area, equestrian resorts and ski resorts and areas such as: Tizab strait, Margoon waterfall and Cheleh Gah is given specific booming to the tourism industry of this area.
Sepidan is a mountainous area and has 12 peaks over 3,000 meters above sea level.
Among the recreational areas of this city are:
Mountains: Ranj mountain, Firouz mountain
Waterfalls: Margoon, Chykan waterfall, Murzyan waterfall
Straits: Tizab strait, Ghoureh Dan strait, Ab Sard strait, Baghdyun strait, Cheleh Gah
Ski resorts: Pooladkaf ski resort, physical education ski resort
Lakes: Firouz lake, Shesh Pir lake
Pasargad World Heritage collection is a set of ancient structures remaining from the Achaemenid era that is located in the city of Pasargad in Fars province. This collection includes buildings such as: Tomb of the Great Cyrus, the Pasargad king’s garden, Gate of Palace, Bridge, Dedicated Palace, Summerhouse, fountain, tomb of Cambyses, Mozaffari inn, sacred ground and Bolaghi Gorge.
Pars family, who won on the Mads in 550 BCE, led by Cyrus II, based on the tradition of Cyrus II chose this area for the capital. Pasargad name comes in the Achaemenid period at the first and is said to the plain that the Great Cyrus chose there as his headquarters. Then the Achaemenid Empire was established and developed by his son Cambujieh and Darius. Achaemenid dynasty came to power Corp which is one of the remarkable events of ancient history. Achaemenid overcame the ancient world under the domination of his own, with the exception of two-thirds of Greece. Achaemenid empire consider as the first emperor in the history of word.
The most striking part of Pasargad, is the tomb of Great Cyrus which is glaring on the plain, like a gem. Cyrus in ancient times was remembered as who returned Jewish from exile. After the death of Cyrus in battle with the Secas(in north of Iran), his body was embalmed and laid in a bed of gold and put his kingdom precious objects on his side. In all Achaemenid era, the tomb of Cyrus was sacred, which means that this sanctity is preserved in the Islamic era. This monument is the tomb of the first harbinger of freedom and human rights in the world, the Great Cyrus.
Persepolis or Parseh (Takht-e Jamshid, Hezar Sotun, Sad Sotun or Chehel Menar) is one of the ancient cities of Iran that over the years, continuously was stately and ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire which was the Iranian king. In this ancient city, there is a palace called Persepolis which is built during the reign of Darius, Xerxes and Artaxerxes. In the year 518 BC, it was started as the new capital of the Achaemenid at Gamers. There was founded by Great Darius. Xerxes and his son ‘Artaxerxes’ by extending this complex expanded it.
Sassanid kings have left inscriptions at Persepolis on. After the advent of Islam in Iran, this place have be respected and it called ‘Hezar Sotun’ or ‘Chehel Menar’. Also there are other inscriptions at Persepolis in Arabic and Farsi. The most recent of them is related to the Qajar era.
That’s located in the north of Marvdasht city (northeast of the Fars province) and 57 kilometers from Shiraz. 6 kilometers from Persepolis is ‘Naqsh-e Rostam’. Tombs of the Kings like Darius, Xerxes, Artaxerxes I and Darius II are located in Naghsh-e Rostam.
This place since 1979, is one of the Iran’s records on the UNESCO World Heritage.
Shah Cheragh Mosque is a mausoleum in Shiraz which according to Shiite believes, Ahmad Ibn Musa Al Kazim, the eldest son of Imam Musa Kazim, as well as Mohammad Ibn Musa, the brother of Imam Reza, were buried there. Shiites believe that this tomb is very respected.
This building was built in Atabakan era in the sixth century and it’s dome and tomb has a beautiful tiling. Inside the shrine with the use of tiny colorful mirrors and by artistic styles, there are mirror works and the beautiful lines of Persian and Arabic which are decorated all around of mirrors and tiles.
Eram Garden in Shiraz is a historical Persian garden and includes several historic buildings and botanical gardens.
Date of manufacturing and the founder of this garden is not clearly specified, but we know that This garden has been in this place at the time of the Seljuk. At the time of ‘Karim Khan Zand‘ also he worked in the construction and improvement of this garden. At the time of the Qajar a building was built in the garden.
This garden has very high plant diversity and vegetation from around the world which have been planted in that. In the thirty fifth session of the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO, Eram is recorded in World Heritage List.
Saadi Tomb known as Sadieh, is the location and burial of Saadi, the great Persian poet. That’s located in the northeast of Shiraz. There was his first monastery, where he spent the end of his life and where he was buried. For the first time in the seventh century by the minister ‘Shams Al Din Mohammad Saheb Divani’, a tomb was built over the grave of Saadi.
About 65 years after the death of Hafez, ‘Shams Al-Din Mohammad Yaghmae’, Minister of ‘Mirza A. Gurkani’, The Fars ruler, for the first time, founded a domed edifice on Hafez’s tomb and in front of this building, constructed a large pool.
This Building, during the reign of ‘Shah Abbas Safavi’ and ‘Nader Shah Afshar’ was repaired and rebuilt. ‘Karim Khan Zand’ built a court on the tomb of Hafez, in his buildings style and placed a marble stone on its grave. Two sonnets of Hafez is written on this stone in Nasta’liq script.
Vakil Bazaar is one of the most traditional and historical Iran markets and a part of Vakil Complex, in city of Shiraz. The market was built by order of ‘Karim Khan Zand‘ and is located in center of the Shiraz city. Other places such as mosque and historic bath also have been located next to the bazaar. This market is one of the best remaining works of ‘Karim Khan Zand’ which still is in operation. Construction materials of the market’s building is on the basis of plaster and brick and limestone and is located on the base of boulder. The market have very high ceilings and have beautiful architecture.
Vakil Mosque is located near the Vakil Bazaar and Vakil Bath. That’s one of the beautiful monuments and strengthen of the Zand period which is important in terms of art and architecture. In the northern part of the mosque, was built an important and long vault which is famous to Morvarid.
Vakil Bathroom is at the center of the city and is located near monuments such as Vakil Bazaar and Vakil Mosque. The Scenic part of this bathroom, is a special section called ‘Shah Neshin’ which was predominantly for king. This large bathroom had the most advanced architectural principles of it’s time.
Negarestan Garden was created by order of ‘Fathali Shah Qajar’ for the summer residence. It was built out of Tehran during construction, but when the range was added to the Tehran, this new fences was erected at the inside. Spring house of Negarestan Garden now is the National Art Museum of Iran. This collection includes works of arts from Iranian artists which is located in the north of Parliament Square.
It has two building inside by the name ‘Hall of Delgosha’ and ‘Hall of Ghalamdan’. Rooms with wooden doors and two large halls around the central building is there. The garden has 64 rooms, four emulator and library. Forums are decorated with mirror work, golden work and precious chandeliers and hand signs of artists such as Johnny Mirza, Mirza Baba and Abdullah Khan has drawn on it. Negarestan Garden has regular streets and trees and flowers are planted beautifully. Several large and small mansions are built in the garden, which includes a spring house, pergola, bath slides, inside and more.
Now it has several statues in itself like ‘Kamal-ol-molk’, the Iranian famous painter and the Ferdowsi statue and the Iranian famous poet ‘Malek Al-Shoara Bahar'(Mohammad-Taqi Bahar) and . .
Baharestan Palace is the Iranian parliament historic building that opened in 1906. 25 years After the Islamic revolution, on 2004 the parliament became unicameral and moved to a new building in Baharestan.
‘Mirza Hossein Khan Sepah-Salar’ in 1910 decided to build big mansions in Baharestan site, because he wanted to change the appearance of the city. Most notably were Baharestan mansion or palace.
Sepahsalaar Mosque and School
That’s the first and the biggest mosque in Tehran. That’s the glorious and the biggest religious building after ‘Chaharbagh’ of Isfahan in Iran. It’s design is a blend of Persian architecture and Istanbul mosques.
National Garden is the remaining of structures from the Qajar dynasty which was repaired by ‘Jafar khan-e Kashani. In that time Tehran was capital. It was symbol of Tehran before the Azadi tower, in old days.
The architecture of this monument is a combination of Iranian and European designs by that time.
It was the entrance of military square in old days but now that’s the entrance of Iran national library and museum and the remaining of old structures. Portal has a great crossing between two pillars of the parties. The exterior includes tiling designs with two lions, leopard, lion and sun, guns and cannonballs that can be seen. All three doors have iron gates which was built by ‘Mohammad Ali Kermani’ in the Tehran armory.
Carpet Museum of Iran
Carpet-Weaving is undoubtedly one of the most distinguished manifestations of Iranian culture and art, dating back to the Bronze Age, but as the materials which used in carpets are include wool and cotton, decay into dust during the course of time, archaeologists couldn’t make any special discovery during the archaeological excavations. What have remained for us from the early ages as evidence of carpet-weaving are nothing more than a few pieces of worn-out rugs.
Such fragments do not help very much to recognizing the carpet-weaving characteristics of Pre-Seljuk period (13th and 14th centuries AD). Among the oldest discovered pieces, some are founded in Eastern Turkestan, dating back to the third to fifth centuries AD, and also some of the hand-weavings of the Seljuks of Asia Minor are on exhibit in Alaeddin Mosque in Konya and Ashrafoghlu Mosque in Beyshehir, Turkey. These pieces attract the attention of researchers earlier this century, and now they are kept in the ‘Museum of Turkish and Islamic Art’ in Istanbul and the Mevlana(Rumi) Museum in Konya.
In a unique archaeological excavation in 1949, the exceptional Pazyryk carpet was discovered among the ices of Pazyryk Valley, in Altai Mountains in Siberia. It was discovered in the grave of a Scythian Prince by a group of Russian archaeologists under the supervision of professor Rudenko. Radiocarbon testing revealed that Pazyryk carpet was woven in the 5th century BC. This carpet is 1.83×2 meters and has 36 symmetrical knots per cm2. The advanced weaving technique used in the Pazyryk carpet indicates a long history of evolution and experience of this art. Most experts believe that the Pazyryk carpet is the final achievement of at least one thousand years of experience and history. According to this theory the art of carpet-weaving in Iran is at least 3500 years old.
In 1978, the founders of the Carpet Museum of Iran established this museum with a limited number of Persian carpets and kilims, in order to revive and develop the art of carpet-weaving in the country and to provide a source to satisfy the need for research about the historical background and evolution of this art.
The Carpet Museum of Iran, with its beautiful architecture and facade resembling a carpet-weaving loom is located on the northwest of Laleh Park in Tehran. It has composed of two exhibition galleries covering an area of 3400 m2. The ground floor gallery is assigned for permanent exhibitions and the upper floor gallery is considered as the temporary exhibitions of carpets, kilims, and carpet designs.
Shah Mosque of Tehran (after Iran revolution called Imam Khomeini Mosque)
It remains from the Qajar era & has 180 years old age. This mosque is one of the most beautiful historic mosques in Tehran. ‘Naser al-Din Shah’ ordered to be built this mosque and is why it was called. Due to historical evidence, this is the second Tehran big mosque after Bazaar Mosque or Atigh Mosque.
To going to this historic and beautiful mosque in the heart of Tehran, you can use subway and also have shopping in historic and old Tehran Bazaar and then give it a go to see the mosque.
Golestan Palace dates back to the reign of Shah Abbas Safavi and in the ‘Karim Khan Zand’ period, there have been fundamental changes in this complex, But the real importance of this Arg dates back to the era of ‘Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar’.
One of the oldest of historic monuments in Tehran is masterpiece of the Qajar era. This complex also called ‘Roseland Palace’ or ‘Palace & Flowers’.
The Golestan Complex belongs to a group of royal buildings which were once enclosed within the mud-thatched walls of Tehran’s Historic Arg (Citadel). That’s a masterpiece of beautiful gardens and buildings consist of collection of Iranian crafts and European presents from 18th and 19th century.
These are some of Golestan Complex places :
Iran National Art Museum
Iran National Art Museum is the collection includes the best national arts in recent years such as Miniatures, gilding, inlaid, tile, carpet weaving, cloth weaving, enamels, engraving and mosaic.
80 years ago ‘Behzad Taherzadeh’ founded this museum. He was a famous rug painter and designer. It’s buildings are related to Qajar dynasty. The old mansion of National Art Museum goes back to the ‘Fath Ali Shah’ time.
Contemporary Arts Museum of Tehran is the largest art museum in Iran. This museum is one of the most prominent museums in Tehran. This museum, outside of Iran is known as «TMoCA» (from the «Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art»). It has collections of more than 3000 items that include 19th and 20th century’s world-class, European and American paintings, drawings and sculptures. It has one of the greatest collections of Iranian modern and contemporary arts.
The museum was opened by Queen Farah Pahlavi just two years before the 1979 Iran’s Revolution. The museum building was designed by ‘Kamran Diba’ and is inspired by the Iranian wind towers. In 1970 decade, high oil revenues allow Iran to buy art works which were recognized internationally. At this time, purchases of Pahlavi and the need of Iranian modern artists to a space to present their works, leading to the formation of this idea to build the Tehran’s Museum of Contemporary Arts. That include the most valuable collections of modern western arts which are outside of America and Europe.
Sculptures by artists such as Giacometti, Ernst, Moore and Magritte can be found in the museum’s gardens.
It is approximately £2.5 million worth of artworks which has shown at this museum.
There are numerous numbers of royal items such as gold , diamond and precious handcrafted crown swords and maces that was collected by the Iraninan kings over the times.
some famous jewels that are in the museum are:
Darya-e Noor Diamond (Daria-i-Noor Diamond)
The Pahlavi Crown
The Noor Al Ain Tiara
The Imperial Sword
The Naderi Throne
The museum has onsite guides with knowledge of Persian, English, French and Russian languages.
The Sa’dabad Complex, at first was built by Qajar kings in 19th century. After development of the complex, Reza Shah Pahlavi lived there in 1920s, and his son, Mohammad Reza, moved there in 1970s. After the 1979 Revolution of Iran, the complex became a museum.
Museums and palaces in this complex are mentioned below:
Bahman palace: It was Bahman’s house. He was the son of ‘Gholamreza Pahlavi’, the brother of the king.
Green palace(Marmar palace): That’s one of the most beautiful palaces in Iran. The grand floor was the location and workplace of the ‘Reza Shah’.
White palace: It’s the biggest palace in Sa’dabad Complex. It was the summer residence of the king and his wife Farah.
Water museum: The museum building has main section and sub-section. The sub-section was special workplace of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
Ostad Behzad museum: At the time of the Pahlavi dynasty it was workplace and resorts of the Reza Shah.
Carriage house museum: It was resorts of the coachman.
Mir Emad museum: It was the house of Alireza and Farahnaz, Mohammad Reza’s children. After the Iran revolution this building dedicated to showing of Manuscripts.
Royal containers: Decorative dishes and objects are showing there, divided into four categories: Qajar dishes, first Pahlavi, second Pahlavi, donated containers.
Anthropology museum: The museum contains a full set of human culture tools and life styles and mirrors of some aspects of human life styles.
Miniature museum: It was the summer residence of Leyla Pahlavi, Youngest daughter of Mohammad Reza.
Mahmoud Farshchian miniature museum: It was the location of ‘Reza shah’ and his fourth wife, ‘Esmat’.
Shahram palace: It was the second wife of ‘Reza shah’ residence, ‘Tadj ol-Molouk’. Now it’s a military museum.
Beautiful Arts museum(Black Palace): It was the council of the ministry of court.
Nations Art museum: That’s a collection includes valuable works from four corners of the world in these categories:
1-Ancient art of Iran
2-Maya and Inka civilization
4-Contemporary art of Iran and word.
One Of The Symbols Of Tehran
The Azadi Tower was completed in 1971 and in that time the tower also named as Shahyad Tower, means ‘the memorial of the king’.
The architect of the tower was ‘Hossein Amanat’. He won the best design idea in competition for Azadi Tower design.
The tower is a part of the Azadi Cultural Complex, located in Tehran’s Azadi Square in an area of about 50,000 m².
There are several fountains around the base of the tower and a museum in underground. The architecture of the tower is a combination of pre-Islam and past-Islam architecture era.
The height of the tower itself is 45 meter (148 ft) and the cost of building this complex in 1971 was 6 million dollar.
Right now Azadi complex has a nationality & cultural museum and amphitheater. Here, for the first time, Iranian government revealed The Cyrus Charter of Human Rights.
The Tajrish Bazaar
Tajrish Bazaar is located along the north of Tehran, Shemiranat. This is one of the historical parts of Tehran and during last decades has became popular for it’s old fashioned bazaar style. Tajrish is located in the Shemiranat region of Tehran.
Until the 1970s, Shemiranat & Tajrish were a collection of villages in north of Teharn, often used as a summer residence. This area was disconnected from Tehran’s urban area. Tajrish has a mausoleum and old bazaar named Imamzadeh Saleh and both of them are very interesting for tourists and passengers.
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